Vulnerable IDPs protected in Mustaba war-torn villages
The daily air strikes and ground clashes across the northern borders have triggered population displacement from their original areas, leaving behind their possessions, homes and sources of livelihood. Hundreds of displaced households looked for safer areas and they did not plan to move towards a particular area so they settled in several communities and areas in quiet villages in Mustaba district of Hajjah Governorate.
They formed small settlements in the Kadafah and Al-Hamra villages under high poverty index 4 (index rate 93%). Two months after they had lived in the target area, the IDPs involved in direct dispute with the host community over cutting down trees, using their pastures and sharing their limited water resources. As they did not have cash to buy such goods from the host community, they suffered long trips to bring them from far away, and other IDPs sold their livestock as they lack fodders.
The population has testified that the Social Fund for Development (SFD) has been the only institution which reached their area as some neighboring villages suffer airstrikes. To address these key day-to-day problems, this World Bank and UNDP-supported cash-for-work project has provided temporary jobs for IDPs in both villages. One of those villages had been previously targeted by a similar project by the SFD. The project intends to respond to the most pressing humanitarian needs of the IDPs who are in dire need for cash and services in order to overcome a number of challenges other than those mentioned above, such as securing adequate shelter to protect their families and their health from the wide lack of sanitation. The project will also secure cost of transportation to the nearest markets, cost of the basic food and other basic services after they had pushed their children to beg in neighboring areas.
In November 2016, the SFD's Labor Intensive-Works Program began to respond to the most important needs of the displaced community through providing with temporary jobs to members of 266 families that include 1,312 persons. The interventions focused on the rehabilitation and restoration of straw and clay shelters for each family using the locally available building materials. This is to protect the IDPs from the impact of hot weather and dust. Part of the interventions also is to construct a toilet supported with safe sanitation system for each four or five households in order to improve their health and the environmental situation. The activities also include on the job awareness to provide them with life skills and psychological support.